Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body where it can be used for energy. High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes previously called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes is usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults, but it can develop at any age. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction the body attacks itself by mistake that destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, called beta cells. This process can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear. Being exposed to a trigger in the environment, such as a virus, is also thought to play a part in developing type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms & Overview for Adults
Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes In Adults: Signs of Adult Sugar Diabetes
In the past 25 years, however, determining what type of diabetes a person has has become more of a challenge. Most of these children and teens are overweight. In addition, another type of diabetes, called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults , or LADA, that shares some characteristics with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, has been recognized. Muddying the water further is the realization that diabetic ketoacidosis , an acute, life-threatening complication of diabetes that is caused by a lack of insulin, can occur in people with type 2 diabetes — not just in people with type 1, as was previously thought. And while gestational diabetes is still diagnosed only in pregnant women, it is sometimes discovered that what is thought to be gestational diabetes is really type 1 or type 2 diabetes that happens to start during pregnancy. That means that people with type 1 diabetes are still a distinct minority within the population of people who have diabetes. And adults with type 1 diabetes tend to be less visible members of that minority, with much of the research and media attention focused on children with type 1.
Symptoms of Diabetes Type 1 in Adults
Extreme thirst Increased urination can then result in dehydration, which will leave you feeling more thirsty than normal. Unexpected weight loss Along the same lines, if your body is losing sugar in your urine instead of absorbing it, you may lose weight without trying. Other diabetic symptoms in adults include feeling drowsy or lethargic; sudden vision changes; fruity or sweet-smelling breath; heavy or labored breathing; and stupor or unconsciousness. If you do have high blood sugar and it goes untreated, it could develop into diabetic ketoacidosis—a life-threatening condition.
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar glucose to enter cells to produce energy. Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults. Despite active research, type 1 diabetes has no cure.